- Dominican order
- The Dominican Order was established by St. Dominic in 1214 when he gathered a group of priests in the castle at Casseneuil in Languedoc owned by Count Simon IV of Montfort, who headed a crusade against the Albigensians whose religious inclinations the papacy deemed heretical. In 1216, the saint traveled to Rome to obtain papal approval for the order, which was duly granted. Unlike the self-sufficient medieval monastic orders, the Dominicans were a mendicant group that relied on charity. Their main purpose was to convert the Albigensians and to preach the word of God in the vernacular language. In 1229, the papacy established the Inquisition and the Dominicans were assigned to carry it out. This is what earned them the name Domini canes, the Lord's dogs who fight heresy. They are depicted in Andrea da Firenze's Guidalotti Chapel at Santa Maria Novella (1348-1355) in the Dominican church of Florence as ferocious dogs who chase the wolves of heresy. Among the most important Dominicans is St. Thomas Aquinas, one of the greatest theologians in history.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dominican Order — For the Caribbean nation, see Dominican people. Order of Preachers Ordo Praedicatorum Abbreviation OP, Dominicans, Blackfriars Motto … Wikipedia
Dominican order — noun a Roman Catholic order of mendicant preachers founded in the 13th century • Hypernyms: ↑order, ↑monastic order • Member Meronyms: ↑Dominican, ↑Black Friar, ↑Blackfriar, ↑friar preacher … Useful english dictionary
Dominican Order — Western monastic order founded by the Spanish priest Saint Dominic. It was sanctioned by Pope (q.v.) Honorius III in 1216 as an order whose special mission was to preach and teach. During the Latin occupation of Constantinople (q.v.)… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Dominican Order — n. Order of Preachers, Roman Catholic order of mendicant preaching friars founded by Saint Dominic in 1216 … English contemporary dictionary
Dominican order — Доминиканский орден … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов
Order of Preachers — Order of Preachers † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Order of Preachers As the Order of the Friars Preachers is the principal part of the entire Order of St. Dominic, we shall include under this title the two other parts of the order: the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Dominican Church and Convent of St. James in Sandomierz — Dominican Church and Convent of St. James, Sanctuary of Blessed Sadok and 48 Dominican martyrs, Sanctuary of Our Lady of Rosary View from the Sandomierz Main Squere Basic information Affiliation Roman C … Wikipedia
Dominican — may refer to: Something of, from, or related to the Commonwealth of Dominica, an island nation in the Lesser Antilles, in the Caribbean. Demographics of Dominica Culture of Dominica Something of, from, or related to the Dominican Republic, the… … Wikipedia
Dominican International School — 私立道明外僑學校 Location 76 Tah Chih St., Taipei 104 ChungShan District, Taiwan, Republic of China Information Type Private Inte … Wikipedia
Dominican High School (Whitefish Bay, Wisconsin) — Dominican High School Address 120 East Silver Spring Drive Whitefish Bay, Wisconsin, (Milwaukee County), 53217 … Wikipedia